Need to know: the four pillars of accessible voting

Voting is one of the most empowering things anyone can do. Millions of people vote every year, have their say on government, local issues and the future of their area. Yet thousands of blind and partially sighted people do not exercise their democratic rights because of a lack of accessible voting.

Inadequate provision and awareness still prevents thousands of blind and partially sighted people from making their ballot truly secret.

Making voting accessible is relatively easy and relies on four fundamental pillars.

Much of the decision-making around delivering accessible elections is left up to individual Returning Officers.  This guidance is designed to help them understand the four pillars of accessible elections.


Tactile voting devices

Tactile voting devices are one of the fundamental pillars of accessible elections and are in wide usage across the country. They should be available in every polling station and at least one member of staff should have an idea of how they work.

Tactile voting devices attach to the front of a standard ballot paper and have flaps, numbered in large text and braille, that cover the voting intention boxes.

The voter may require either the large print ballot paper or to have someone read out the ballot paper to them in order. The voter then selects the number of the candidate they wish to vote for, lifts up the corresponding flap and makes their mark. For longer ballot papers, volunteers may need to read out the candidate list more than once.


Large print

One of the pillars is enshrined in law is the large print example ballot paper. Depending on the individual needs of the voter, they may be able to vote using only a large print example paper ballot as a reference guide.

Every polling station should display a copy and there should be an additional copy made available for blind and partially sighted voters to take into the polling booth with them. Many will be able to vote using this as a reference. However, it needs to be made clear to the voter that they must still use the standard ballot paper to actually vote.



The third and most wide-ranging pillar is assistance. Blind and partially sighted people may need assistance to vote. Everyone involved in delivering elections should take a proactive, enabling attitude to ensure these needs are met.

Information assistance is key.

First of all, election officials should be able to provide information on the electoral system being used. Awareness of alternative voting systems can be low, and without proper information, blind and partially sighted voters may not understand the demands of the particular election. This can be particularly challenging when different electoral systems are being used for different elections on the same day – for instance, when Police, Fire and Crime Commissioner elections are on the same day as local elections.

Those working in polling stations should be made aware that blind and visually impaired voters are also entitled to have someone accompany them in order to help them vote. The only requirement is that the other person is eligible to vote.



The fourth and final pillar is technology. Many blind and partially sighted people will be able to vote completely independently by using technology which they use in everyday life.

Being aware of – and willing to – enable the use of these self-equipped technologies can help ensure the ballot of blind and partially sighted people remains private.

Many users will rely on apps installed on their phones. They may be using magnifier, text-to-speech apps or the torch on their phone to highlight the text they are reading.

Video magnifiers are also allowed in the polling booth, which could easily be mistaken for phones.

Many polling booth staff are instructed to ask voters to stop using their phones.  Making your staff aware that these are perfectly allowed in the polling booth should be enough to make sure that blind and partially sighted voters are enabled to exercise their democratic rights.


Need to know more?

We caught up with Peter Stanyon, CEO of the Association of Electoral Administrators, to ask him what polling stations are legally required to provide to help blind and partially sighted people vote.  He shares who you can contact if your polling station has not provided the assistive voting aids it is required to and talks about the tech that might be used in the future in the voting process.

Listen the podcast

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